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Silver nanoparticles enhance survival of white spot syndrome virus infected Penaeus vannamei shrimps by activation of its immunological system
作者 :  Ochoa-Meza, Alba R.; Alvarez-Sanchez, Ana R.; Romo-Quinonez, Carlos R.; Barraza, Aaron; Magallon-Barajas, Francisco J.; Chavez-Sanchez, Alexis; Carlos Garcia-Ramos, Juan; Toledano-Magana, Yanis; Bogdanchikova, Nina; Pestryakov, Alexey; Humberto Mejia-Ruiz, Claudio
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The global aquaculture has shown an impressive growth in the last decades contributing with a major part of total food fish supply. However, it also helps in the spread of diseases that in turn, causes great economic losses. The White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) is one of the major viral pathogen for the shrimp aquaculture industry. Several attempts to eliminate the virus in the shrimp have been addressed without achieving a long-term effectiveness. In this work, we determine the capacity of the commercial non-toxic PVP-coated silver nanoparticles to promote the response of the immune system of WSSV-infected shrimps with or without an excess of iron ions. Our results showed that a single dose of metallic silver in the nanomolar range (111 nmol/shrimp), which is equivalent to 12 ng/mL of silver nanoparticles, produces 20% survival of treated infected shrimps. The same concentration administered in healthy shrimps do not show histological evidence of damage. The observed survival rate could be associated with the increase of almost 2-fold of LGBP expression levels compared with non-treated infected shrimps. LGBP is a key gene of shrimp immunological response and its up-regulation is most probably induced by the recognition of silver nanoparticles coating by specific pathogen-associated molecular pattern recognition proteins (PAMPs) of shrimp. Increased LGBP expression levels was observed even with a 10-fold lower dose of silver nanoparticles (1.2 ng/shrimp, 0.011 nmol of metallic silver/shrimp). The increase in LGBP expression levels was also observed even in the presence of iron ion excess, a condition that favors virus proliferation. Those results showed that a single dose of a slight amount of silver nanoparticles were capable to enhance the response of shrimp immune system without toxic effects in healthy shrimps. This response could be enhanced by administration of other doses and might represent an important alternative for the treatment of a disease that has still no cure, white spot syndrome virus.

关 键 词 :  White spot syndrome virus; Non-toxic silver nanoparticles; Argovit; Antiviral activity; Shrimp immunological system
论文来源 :  FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY.2019,84:1083-1089
语种 :  英文
所属领域 :  >>> 海洋渔业
>>> 海洋渔业 >>> 海水养殖
>>> 海洋设备制造业 >>> 海洋服务专用仪器设备制造 >>> 海洋浮标制造
>>> 海水利用业
>>> 海洋科学研究
入库时间 :  2019-10-14
浏览次数 :  1